A nonlinear polar coordinate shallow water model for tsunami computation along North Sumatra and Penang Island

Lebih Lengkapnya :
  • Author : Deb Roy G.
  • DOI : 10.1016/j.csr.2006.10.004


A nonlinear shallow water model in cylindrical polar coordinate system is developed, using an explicit finite difference scheme with a very fine resolution, to compute different aspects of tsunami at North Sumatra and the adjacent island Simeulue in Indonesia, and the Penang Island in Peninsular Malaysia. The pole of the frame is placed on the mainland of Penang (100.5°E) and the model area extends up to the west of Sumatra (87.5°E). The model is applied to simulate the propagation of tsunami wave towards North Sumatra, Simeulue and Penang Islands associated with Indonesian tsunami of 26 December 2004. The model is also applied to compute water levels along the coastal belts of those islands. Computed and observed water level data are found to be in good agreement and North Sumatra is found to be vulnerable for very high surges. The computed and observed arrival times of high surges are also in reasonable agreement everywhere. Further studies are carried out to investigate the effect of convective terms and it is found that their effects are insignificant in tsunami propagation and weakly significant for wave amplitude very near to the coast. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Show More


  • Tahun :2007
  • Tipe Publikasi :Penelitian
  • Tanggal Publikasi :
  • Sumber :caribencana